Pimples: Why do they occur? How to cure them?

What are pimples?

Pimple is common acne. Also known as spots or zits, pimples are a part of acne. They mostly occur around the age of puberty, but can happen at any age. Pimples are pustule or papule or pustule.

Pimples develop when the sebaceous gland or oil gland becomes infected or becomes clogged it leads to swelling and red lesions filled with pus.

 

Why pimples occur at puberty?

During puberty, hormone production changes. This can cause the sebaceous glands, located at the base of hair follicles, to become overactive. As a result, pimples are most likely to occur during the teenage years and around menstruation, for women.

Pimples most often affect the face, back, chest, and shoulders. This is because there are many sebaceous glands in these areas of the skin.

What is inside a pimple?

Pimples are clogged pores with dead cells, oil, and bacteria that live on the skin. More severe pimples are inflamed and filled with pus. Experts say popping pimples at home can make acne worse and cause infections.

What happens when you pop a pimple and blood come out?

Blood-filled pimples are a result of picking or popping pimplesThey are not serious and will not cause any lasting damage to your skin unless you repeatedly pick at them, which can lead to scarring.

Types of Pimples

Blackheads: Also known as an open comedo, these are clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are black or dark brown, due to the oxidation of melanin, the skin’s pigment.

Some people mistakenly believe they are caused by dirt, because of their color, and scrub their faces vigorously. Scrubbing does not help. It may irritate the skin and cause other problems.

Papules: These are small, solid, rounded bumps that rise from the skin. They are often pink.

Pustules: These are pimples full of pus. They are clearly visible on the surface of the skin. The base is red and the pus is on the top.

Nodules: These have a similar structure to papules, but they are larger. They can be painful and are embedded deep in the skin.

Cysts: These are clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are filled with pus and are usually painful. Cysts commonly cause scars.

 

How to cure Pimples?

Do not touch your face

Your hands encounter grime and bacteria constantly throughout the day. And each time you touch your face, some of those pore-clogging impurities may get transferred to your skin.

By all means, if your nose itches, scratch it. But wash your hands regularly, and try to touch your face as little as possible.

Limit exposure to the sun

Catching some rays may dry out pimples in the short term, but it causes major problems in the long run. Frequent sun exposure dehydrates the skin, which over time causes it to produce more oil and block pores.

It’s important to wear sunscreen to help prevent skin cancer. However, many sunscreens are oily. For both sun and pimple protection, wear sunscreen lotion.

Using antibiotics

Antibiotics help reduce inflammation and bacteria on the skin.

Antibiotics are often prescribed. They may be applied topically to your skin or taken by mouth. Those taken by mouth are usually the last resort for people whose acne is severe or doesn’t respond to other treatments.

Know your skin type

Anyone can get pimples, no matter their skin type. Oily skin is the most pimple-prone. It’s caused by your skin’s sebaceous glands producing too much oily sebum.

Another type of skin that may cause pimples is combination skin. Combination skin means you have both dry areas and oily areas. The oily areas tend to be your forehead, nose, and chin, also called your T-zone.

Knowing your skin type will help you choose the right skincare products. For example, if your skin is oily, choose non-comedogenic products that are formulated to not block pores.