- 1 What is Malaria
- 2 The Four types of Malaria
- 3 Plasmodium Falciparum
- 4 Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium ovale
- 5 Malaria Symptoms
- 6 Malaria Treatments
- 7 Is Malaria Contagious?
- 8 Symptoms of Malaria and Dengue
- 9 Malaria Causes
- 10 Prevention of Malaria
- 11 Diagnosis of Malaria
- 12 Malaria Risks and Complications
- 13 What to avoid During Malaria
- 14 What to Eat During Malaria?
- 15 Medicines of Malaria
- 16 Malaria Medication
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What is Malaria
Malaria symptoms is a disease which is caused by Plasmodium paradise. Malaria is a mosquito-borne blood disease. It will transmit to humans through the bite of the Anopheles mosquito. Mosquitoes spread malaria. People who are suffering from this disease Malaria get typically very sick with high fever, shaking chills and flu-like illness. So, proper treatment of this disease is critical because it can be a deadly disease.
The Four types of Malaria
Plasmodium falciparum is the severe and life-threatening Malaria, and this disease is very common in many countries like in South Africa of Sahara desert. Estimated 90% of deaths occur due to Malaria in South Africa of Sahara desert. Most of the deaths occur in children under five years of age.
Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium ovale
Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium ovale are types of Malaria. Both of the Malaria have liver diseases and can remain in the body for few years without causing sickness. The third kind of Malaria that is Plasmodium malaria. This type of Malaria symptoms stays in the blood of some people for several decades. If you are correctly treated for malaria, the parasites are eliminated, and you are no longer infected with malaria.
There are many symptoms of Malaria. Symptoms appear within the several weeks after the infected mosquito bites you. The typical Malaria symptoms are shaking chills that can high up to moderate to severe, high fever, profuse sweating, headache, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, anemia, muscle pain, and bloody stools. Sometimes when the situation is severe or a person affected by the severe condition of Malaria then, he/she can go into a coma. Symptoms of sore throat may occur. There are two stages of Malaria uncomplicated Malaria and cerebral Malaria.
In cerebral Malaria there are very fewer chances to alive, but in uncomplicated there are chances to alive. Cerebral Malaria can cause the swelling of the blood vessels which can result in brain damage. If treatment is delayed more severe conditions of Malaria can occur.There are some life-threatening complications also which are yellow discolouration of the skin, organ failure of consistent failure of kidneys, lungs, and liver and abnormal bleeding and sign of anemia.
Anemia is caused due to the restriction of red blood cells. Malaria causes low blood pressure also. Your immune system does not get active more than a few years if you are not exposed again. Malaria decreases the new Red blood cells (RBCs) which caused severe anemia.
Treatment of Malaria which is caused due to biting by Plasmodium falciparum typically provided by the doctors in hospitals because in this type of Malaria symptoms condition become severe and survival of a person at a higher risk. Doctors offer medicines for parasites that you have.
Certain types of malaria symptoms, such as Plasmodium vivax and plasmodium ovale both have liver stages where the parasite can live in your body for an extended period and reactivate at a later date causing a relapse of the infection. If you are found to have one of these types of malaria then, you will be given a second medication to prevent a relapse in the future.
Is Malaria Contagious?
No, Malaria symptoms is not contagious. It does not spread from person to person like flu or cold and neither it is sexually transmitted. You can get affected by Malaria from the Malaria patient such as sitting next to the person who is suffering from Malaria.
Malaria is a severe and sometimes fatal disease caused by a parasite that commonly infects a particular type of mosquito which feeds on humans. People who get malaria are typically very sick with high fevers, shaking chills, and flu-like illness. Anyone can affect by this disease and most of the people affected by this disease who lives in countries with Malaria transmission.
Symptoms of Malaria and Dengue
Common symptoms of Malaria are – shaking chills that can high up to moderate to severe, high fever, profuse sweating, headache, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, anemia, muscle pain, and bloody stools and common symptoms of Dengue are – primary symptoms of dengue occur between 1 to 15 days after the mosquito bite which includes high fever and severe headache with severe pain behind the eyes.
Other symptoms of dengue are red rashes on the skin, vomiting, joint pain, muscle and bone pain and mild bleeding from the nose, lower back pain, breathing problems and even internal bleeding may occur. Symptoms appear same as adults in children also. Dengue infection is a leading cause of death and sickness in parts of the world.
Malaria is caused by bites of infected mosquitoes on humans. Malaria is caused by parasite Plasmodium. There are different types of Plasmodium parasites, but there are four types of Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium ovale and Plasmodium malaria. Parasites cause Malaria in humans, and that is Plasmodium. A person can not cause malaria to person. Bites of infected mosquitoes can spread malaria.
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Prevention of Malaria
You can prevent Malaria by using medicines on time. You can able to prevent Malaria by taking medication during, before, and after travel to an area where Malaria is present. Young children and women should avoid travelling where Malaria is present. You can prevent of Malaria by stay inside when it is dark outside preferably; you should stay in the air-conditioned room.
You should wear protective clothes full-length pants and long-sleeves shirts. You should use bed nets (mosquito netting) sprayed with or soaked in insecticides but, make sure that these pesticides still work against the mosquitoes where you are. Medicine to prevent malaria is most useful if you take the recommended dosage exactly as prescribed and for the length of time required. Other experts suggest that it is safe to use a repellent that contains 10% to 30% DEET on children older than age two months for prevention of Malaria.
Diagnosis of Malaria
Malaria is tested by taking the blood of the patient. Malaria can be identified by examining under a microscope with a drop of patient’s blood and spread out as a “blood smear” on a microscope slide. Diagnosis is based on patient’s symptoms and physical findings at examination. In the severe type of Malaria which is caused by Plasmodium falciparum, clinical outcomes such as confusion, coma, focal signs, severe anemia, and respiratory difficulties. It can be more striking and may increase the index of suspicion for malaria.
Malaria Risks and Complications
Malaria is a severe illness that can be fatal if not diagnosed and treated quickly. Pregnant women, babies, young children and the elderly are, particularly at high risk. The Plasmodium falciparum parasite causes the most severe Malaria symptoms and can cause most deaths. Life-threatening complications can cause Malaria especially when the patient has infected with parasite Plasmodium falciparum and these type of patient at a higher risk of fatalities.
What to avoid During Malaria
The patient should avoid heavy food during Malaria. Malaria patient should avert green leafy vegetable, whole grain cereals and thick skin fruits such as watermelon, banana etc. You should not eat junk food, fried food, oily and spicy food and all type of pickle when he/she is suffering from Malaria.
A Malaria patient should not drink tea and coffee in excess. Malaria patient should avoid caffeinated beverages etc. Loss of water and electrolytes is widespread in malaria. What is the cure for malaria? Food preparation in the form of juices, stew, soup, rice water, coconut water, electoral water, etc. are beneficial to maintain it. A well-balanced diet should be taken by Malaria patient.
What to Eat During Malaria?
During Malaria we should drink boiled water. You should take liquid as much as possible such as fluids like water, juices, coconut water and milkshakes. It helps the parasites to move out from the body quickly. A Malaria patient should take high carbohydrate diet because it will help to digest rapidly and release energy. Add Omega-3 fatty acids to your diet because it helps to reduce inflammation in the body.
A Malaria patient should eat a combination of fruits and vegetables of different colours because it helps in detox the body. Take multivitamins as much as possible because vitamins help in boosting the immune system and help to rejuvenate your body. A Malaria patient should have a high protein diet because it helps to fight against parasites.
Medicines of Malaria
One single dose cannot eradicate all types of Malaria parasites. Four medications are used to treat Malaria, and that are Quinoline related compounds, antifolates, artemisinin, derivatives and antimicrobials. A Malaria patient should take medicines such as Malarone which is a combination of two antimalarial medicines (atovaquone and proguanil).
Malarone is made to treat Malaria which is caused by Plasmodium falciparum. Another one is Quinine which we should take with an antibiotic for better recovery. Antibiotic tablets are clindamycin, doxycycline or tetracycline for most Plasmodium falciparum infections. These medicines help in the fight against Malaria parasites and recover the body quickly.
Four medicines are used to treat Malaria, and that are Quinoline related compounds, antifolates, artemisinin, derivatives and antimicrobials. One single dose cannot eradicate all types of Malaria parasites. One or more classes of drugs are given at the same time to eliminate Malaria parasites. Antipyretics, such as acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), are indicated to reduce the level of discomfort caused by the infection and help to reduce fever. NSAIDs should be used with caution if bleeding disorder or hemolysis is suspected otherwise it can be harmful to us. Treatment is dependent on the type of infection.