Lychee belongs to the of Sapindaceae or Soapberry family. Lychee originated in Southern China about 2000 years ago.There was a great demand of litchi Fruit during the song dynasty. It was the favorite fruit of emperor Li Longi. The emperor got Litchee fruit delivered to the capital at great expenses.Cultivation of litchi fruit is documented in 1059 AD. It was introduced to Australia in 1850’s by Chinese gold miners.Presently China is the leading producer of Lychee followed by-
Litchi is grown in tropical areas.The litchi fruit is fleshy and contains a tough seed in the center.The cover of litchi fruit is pinkish red in color. The skin of litchi is rough textured and inedible.There are 9 famous varieties of litchi. Souey Tung and Wai Chee are the most popular varieties.
Litchi Fruit Tree
The Litchi tree is usually grown 15m in height. The bark of the tree is grey-black in color. The leaves of litchi are water repellant. The leaves are usually 10 – 25 cm in length. Litchi fruit is fleshy and has a hard seed in the center. It usually matures in 80-112 days. The skin of the fruit is rough textured and red-pink in color. Lychee taste is sweet and creamy. They are not very sweet. They also contain a hint of tartness. Litchi fruit is usually grown in the tropical frost free areas.Well drained and slightly acidic is prefferd for litchi.
Nutritional Value Of Lychee
The Lychee contains 72 mg of vitamin C per 100 grams. 100 grams of lychees also contain 1.3g of dietary fiber. They contain 5mg of Calcium and 10 mg of magnesium. Lychees also contain 31 mg of phosphorus,171mg of potassium and 1 mg of sodium. Lychee also contains higher amount of polyphenols as compared to fruits such as grapes and apples.
Benefits Of Lychee
Lychee contains fiber, which ensures smooth bowel movement. Lychees also helps in increasing the blood circulation. It contains vitamin C . Vitamin C helps in boosting immunity and prevention of cancer. Potassium in lychee helps in maintaining blood pressure. It also increases the blood circulation.
Lychee For Digestion
100 grams of lychee contains 1.3 grams of dietary fiber. Dietary fiber regulates bowel movement. It adds bulk to the stool, ensuring smooth passage of it. It also helps in keeping constipation at bay. It also helps in maintaining good bowel health. Fiber lowers down the risk of developing hemorrhoids and small pouches in your colon. Lychee helps in weight loss too. Improved digestion helps in weight loss. Lychee contains no fat and less calories.
Litchi Fruit For Immunity
100 grams of lychee contains 72 mg of vitamin C. Vitamin C helps in boosting immunity and neutralizing free radicals. Free radicals are responsible for premature death and early signs of aging. Vitamin C helps in reducing the severity of several diseases like cold . It can also be a potential treatment to asthma. Vitamin C also helps in preventing cancer. Lychee For Cancer.
According to a study vitamin C can slow down the growth of prostate, liver, colon and other types of cancer cells. According to Garry Buettner vitamin C selectively kills cancer cells. It doesn’t harms the normal cells. According to a study in journal Redox Biology, Buettner and his colleagues states that vitamin C breaks down easily, generating hydrogen peroxide, a so called reactive oxygen molecule that can damage tissue and DNA.
The study also shows that tumor cells are much less capable of removing the damaging hydrogen peroxide than normal cells. Source
Lychee also contains anti viral properties. Lychee Benefits For Antiviral.
Lychees are high in antimicrobial properties. They protect the body against viral infections
Lychee contains Proanthocyanidins also known as condensed tannis. They are powerful antioxidants which help to remove harmful free oxygen radicals from cells. Lychee also contains Oligonol. Oligonol is an anti oxidant that has anti influenza virus action. Anti Viral property of lychee clams down the symptoms associated with asthma.
Lychee Benefits For Heart Diseases
100 grams of lychee contains 1.3 g of dietary fiber. High fiber content helps to reduce cholesterol. Fiber interferes in the absorption of bile in the intestine. Deficiency of bile promotes liver promotes release of more bile. Liver uses cholesterol for production of more bile juice. According to a research 5 to 10 g of dietray fibre a day reduce LDL cholesterol by 5%. Lychee also contains Rutin , a bioflavonoid. Rutin helps to strengthen blood vessels.
Lychee Benefits for Blood Circulation
Lychee contains Copper, Iron, Vitamin C, manganese and folate.Copper helps in boosting blood circulation and formation of Red Blood Cells. Red blood cells ensure better blood circulation and increased oxygen supply to the organs of the body.
Litchi For High Blood Pressure
Large doses of vitamin C can help to lower down blood pressure. Vitamin C acts as water pills and helps kidneys in flushing out sodium and water from the body, it helps to relieve the pressure on the blood vessels. Lychee also contains Potassium. Potassium helps in lowering blood pressure. Potassium helps to relax blood vessels and ensures smooth flow of blood.
Litchi Good For Skin
Yes, lychee is good for skin. Vitamin C boosts the immunity and production of collagen. Collagen main structural protein found in skin. Vitamin C also fights the free radicals. Free radicals are responsible for premature aging and cardiovascular disease.
You can also try litchi pack. Mash 4-5 litchis and half banana. Apply this pack on your skin and rinse it after 15 minutes. Anti oxidants in litchi neutralizes free radicals and prevent skin damage.
Lychees also helps in maintaining blemish free skin. Mash 4-5 litchis apply the pack on the affected area. Remove the paste with clean cotton cloth soaked in cold water. Lychee can also reduce sunburns. Add vitamin E capsule to lychee juice.
Apply on affected areas and rinse with cold water after 30 minutes. Lychee contains oligonol. Oligonol helps in reducing fine lines and dark spots on the skin.
Lychee Good for Hair
Vitamin C in lychees insures good blood supply to the hair follicles promoting hair growth. Here are some litchi packs for your hair. Mash 8-10 litchis and apply this pack on your hair. Wash after 15 minutes. This pack will make your hair more shiny and beautiful.
Lychee For Eyes
Lychee contains phytochemicals. According to a research higher intakes of phytochemicals lutein and zeaxanthin reduce the chances of cataracts in healthy postmenopausal women. Phytochemicals help in fighting disease. Lychee also contains Vitamin C that prevents macular degeneration. It also boosts the immune system and improves the vision in people with uveitis.
Litchi Fruit During Pregnancy
You need to be cautious while having lychees. Lychees are a good source of vitamin C. Vitamin C in lychees also boosts the production of collagen. Collagen provides structure and strength to your skin. Vitamin C helps in iron absorption in the body. .Hemoglobin is crucial for blood circulation. It ensures good blood supply to your growing fetus.Magnesium helps in blood clotting. Lychees also contain antiviral properties ensuring you a good health and immunity to you and your baby.The fiber in lychees ensures smooth bowel movement.Fiber in lychees ensure smooth bowel movement during pregnancy.
Litchi For Libido
Lychee nourishes male and female sex organs. Lychee contains antioxidant polysaccharides. Polysaccharides help in eliminating free radicals from the reproductive organs of the human being. Lychee also protects you sexual organ by boosting blood circulation. Vitamin C in lychee helps in boosting immunity and protects the sexual organs.
How to eat Lychees ? You can peel lychee and enjoy it raw. You can also use lychee in your cocktail and desserts. If you love lychees they can be a nice topping for your cakes and pies.Here are some lychee receipes for you.
Lychee and Lime Syrup
150g caster sugar
50 ml water
150g fresh lychees
1 tablespoon lime juice
Heat water in a saucepan and add sugar.
Place lychees, lime and lime zest in a bowl and mix together
Add sugar syrup to the bowl of lychees and mix together
Serve in a bowl.
Red Lotus Cocktail
42g lychee liqueur
28g cranberry image
- Pour the ingredients into a cocktail shaker with ice
- Shake well
- Strain into a chilled old-fashioned glass with ice.
Litchi Fruit Disadvantage
Eating too many lychees can be detrimental to your health. Eating too many lychees can cause a rise in your blood sugar levels. Diabetics must precautious while having lychees.Pregnant or breastfeeding women must consult a doctor before including lychee in your diet. Lychees can also cause allergy. Allergic reactions can range from mild to severe. According to Chinese Culture, lychees are considered hot in nature. Lychees, are responsible for Brain damage. Too many lychees can also cause stomach ache.